New restrictions to block spread of virus are expected to lower demand for transportation fuels in May.
Oil prices have fallen again as a catastrophic second wave of a coronavirus epidemic in India cut short a recovery in oil demand there, offsetting optimism about a strong rebound in demand in developed countries and China in the second half of the year.
Brent crude futures for July fell 15 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $66.61 a barrel by 02:44 GMT on Monday, while United States West Texas Intermediate for June was at $63.48 a barrel, down 10 cents, or 0.2 percent.
State-level restrictions aimed at stemming infections in India have caused fuel sales in the world’s third-largest oil consumer to drop in April, preliminary data show.
“Overall fuel demand is down by about 7 percent from pre-COVID level of April 2019,” AK Singh, the head of marketing at refiner Bharat Petroleum Corp said, adding that India’s demand was close to pre-COVID-19 levels in March.
Analysts are expecting India’s demand for transportation fuels to witness a sharper slump in May due to further restrictions.
“Given that it still appears as though COVID-19 in India has not peaked, we expect to see further downside to fuel demand over May,” ING analysts said in a note.
On Sunday, a leading Indian industry body urged authorities to curtail economic activity, as the country’s healthcare system has been overwhelmed by the spiralling infections.
With more than 300,000 daily cases reported for nearly two weeks now, India is battling a ferocious second wave of the coronavirus that has overwhelmed its fragile and under-funded healthcare system.
Hospitals have been filled to capacity, medical oxygen supplies have run short and morgues and crematoriums have been swamped.
With 368,147 new cases over the past 24 hours, India’s total coronavirus infections now stand at 19.93 million, while its total fatalities are now at 218,959, according to health ministry data.
Globally, however, the roll out of vaccination campaigns is expected to lift oil demand, especially during peak travel season in the third quarter, prompting analysts to increase their forecasts for Brent prices for a fifth straight month, a Reuters poll showed.
The survey of 49 participants forecast that Brent would average $64.17 a barrel in 2021, up from last month’s consensus of $63.12 and the $62.30 average for the benchmark so far this year.
On the supply side, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) pumped 25.17 million barrels per day in April, up 100,000 barrels from March, as Iran and other producers increased output. OPEC’s production has risen every month since June 2020 with the exception of February.
Iran and the US are in talks to revive a nuclear deal which could lead to a lifting of US sanctions that would allow Iran to ramp up oil exports.
Washington on Sunday denied a report by Iran’s state television that the arch-foes had reached a prisoner swap deal in exchange for the release of $7bn of Iranian oil earnings frozen by US sanctions in other countries.
In the US, energy firms added oil and natural gas rigs last week, leading to a ninth straight monthly rig count increase, as a recovery in prices lured some drillers back to the wellpad, according to Baker Hughes.
However, US crude oil production dropped by over a million barrels per day in February, to the lowest levels since October 2017, according to a monthly government report on Friday.